5 Great Botanical Gardens in Indonesia

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By; Jalaksana Winangoen

[UNIKNYA.COM]: There’s a long, hot and cold path about the botanical history in Indonesia. As we all know Indonesia is the country which surrounded by the volcanoes that why the soil become fertile. Indonesia has many rainforests with various plants and trees that makes Indonesia has important role to reduce and restrain the global warming issue. In the colonialism era, many foreign scientist, researcher and expeditor’s found new species of flora and fauna in Indonesia rainforest. Some of them brought the species abroad (theirs country), in advance to continues the research and experimentation. But few of them stayed and collect all the plants in their botanical gardens, whosupported by the colonial governments. The gardens become the assets of the government mostly to provide medication drugs and pharmacy. Here are 5 great botanical garden in Indonesia:

1. Kebun Raya Bogor (Botanical Garden of Bogor)

 

Kebun Raya Bogor (sumber: blogspot.com,old.uniknya.com)

Botanical Garden of Bogor or Kebun Raya Bogor is the largest, famous and has many species collections botanical garden in Indonesia. This botanical garden has 87 hectares wide with 15.000 collection plants and trees. Botanical Garden of Bogor was built in 1800 as General Stamford Raffles (British General) rule Bogor City and stayed in Istana Bogor. With the help from botanist W. Kent, he turns made forest become the imitation of Kew Garden of London. Then In May 18th ,1817, Governor General Godert  Alexander Philip van der Capellen, officially open the botanical with a name Land Planteuinte Butenzorg.

Bogor also called the ‘City of Rain’ or ‘Rain City,’ The city is located in the center of the Bogor Regency (Indonesian: Kabupaten Bogor), 60 kilometers south of the Indonesian capital Jakarta. Bogor itself is a recognized as a municipality,  it is an important economic, scientific, cultural and tourist center, as well as a mountain resort.

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